I have five chickens (yeah, I’m talking about chickens) that each lay about one egg a day in the summer, when the days are long, and about one egg every two or three days in the winter as the days get shorter. I’ve been collecting about two eggs a day for the past few months — until about ten days ago when I collected three. Some days are still two-egg days, but three is becoming the norm.
And the moral of the story is: It’s the same deal with queen bees.
Although it’s dark as a dungeon inside a beehive, apparently enough light shines through the top or bottom entrances to let the queen know, “Hey, looks like the days are getting longer now. Time to start laying. Let’s do this!” The day I found those three eggs was encouraging for me because I knew the queens inside my beehives would be laying more eggs too. They’re over the hump.
To quote myself from November 25, 2015:
“…I usually feel pretty good if my bees are alive and well by the end of January. They’ve gotten over the hump of Winter Solstice and baby bees are just beginning to emerge so the population is more or less stable. As long as they don’t starve to death or get eaten alive by shrews, I’m good.”
Of course, that’s ideally how it should play out. My bees have gotten this far without starving or freezing to death. In my book, that’s something to feel good about. Thousands of bees have died since the fall when the weather turned cold. But now with the queen laying more eggs, creating more brood and more bees, the tide is turning. More bees mean more mouths to feed, which further increases the chances of starvation, so I’ll have to keep a close eye on that (and feed them sugar if necessary). But more bees (eventually) also means a greater ability to create heat, which reduces the chances of the bees freezing to death. So that’s a good thing, right? Again, I’m talking about ideal circumstances. Still, I’ll take it.
P.S.: For more on this business of longer and shorter days and how the bees react to it, check out New beginnings and Winter is coming and your bees know it at Honey Bee Suite where Rusty Burlew writes: “…beekeeping doesn’t take much time, but timing is everything.” Or as I’ve been known to say, “Pay attention to your bees, ya lazy bum.”
P.S. #2 (JANUARY 15, 2016): I suppose I should add that “more daylight = more eggs” is a general way to think about the queen’s laying pattern throughout the year, at least where I live. When the days gets longer (after Winter Solstice), generally speaking, the queen begins to lay more eggs. As the days get shorter (after Summer Solstice), she starts to slow down. It’s not a hard fast scientifically proven theory with a documented cause and effect, but for me it’s been a helpful guide to my beekeeping, especially in the winter.